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i94                   HISTORY OF PERSIA                  CHAP.

had married to a Mongol noble. His refusal to hand
over his daughter weighed on the mind of the enamoured
monarch, who began to hate Chupan so intensely that
in self-defence the Amir was forced to rebel, and paid
the penalty with his life. Nothing more during this
reign merits notice, and Abu Said, dying childless, left
the kingdom a prey to disorder.

The "Puppet Il~Khan$.—The remaining Il-Khans were
puppets set up by rival generals, and their importance
was so small that they may suitably be relegated to a list
taken from The Mohamedan Dynasties.

Arpa                                        A.H, 736            0335)-

Musa                                              736            (*336)-


Puppets of the  f*(<ton*d               736-8     (iM)

JdayrAmir    l7"gha-Timur         739-5* '338-5* -
J    '              (Jahan-Timur          739-41 (1339-40-

PuDoets of the fSati-Beg (princess)    739-40      (1339).
ChupaniA±   Sulay-n                740-4  (1339-43)-
v                INoshirwan               745            (*344)-
The Jalayr Dynasty, A.H. 736-814 (1336-1411).—In
the struggle for power which occurred upon the disinte-
gration of the Empire of the 11-Khans the most important
family was that of Amir Husayn Jalayr, known also as
the Ilkhanian. Under Shaykh Hasan Buzurg, or " the
Great,'* who had set up three puppets given in the list
above, and had subsequently assumed sovereign functions
himself; Irak was taken possession of and Baghdad once
again became a capital. His son Oways, on his succession
in A.H. 757 (1356), seized Azerbaijan, which had been
annexed by the Golden Horde, and a few years later added
Mosul and Diarbekr to the newly founded kingdom.
Oways was succeeded by Husayn, who fought the
Muzaf&r dynasty of Southern Persia and the Kara
Kuyunlu, or "Black Sheep" Turkoman, to the west,
Upon his death in A.H. 784 (1382), he bequeathed
Azerbaijan and Irak to Sultan Ahmad, on whom fell the
brunt of the invasion of Timur. Unable to resist the